What is FOB Destination? Meaning, Terms, Who Pays?

If your business did the packing and crating of goods, you may have great confidence in its safe arrival. But if you’re receiving goods packed by a different shipper, you may not have the same assurances. By using FOB destination, the shipper would be responsible for the safe arrival of your goods. If anything happens in transit, they would have to replace or repair things – not you. More and more small businesses are now relying on freight to transport their goods from one region to another.

Fob Shipping Point Vs Fob Destination

It requires the supplier to pay for the delivery of your goods up until the named port of shipment, but not for getting the goods aboard the ship. As such, FOB shipping means that the supplier retains ownership and responsibility for the goods until they are loaded ‘on board’ a shipping vessel. The buyer pays for the freight costs, but deducts the cost from the supplier’s invoice. The buyer pays the freight charges at time of receipt, though the supplier still owns the goods while they are in transit.

Does FOB only refer to maritime shipping?

The risk transfer for DDP occurs when the goods are made available to the buyer at the final destination. FOB is most widely used to import products from Asia to the UK and is best used when a buyer uses a Fob Shipping Point Vs Fob Destination China Freight Forwarder to organise the shipments as it offers a low unit pricing for the cargo. In the FOB Incoterm rules, it is essential to note that insurance is not obligated to the buyer or seller.

  • The answer to who is responsible when an item or product is damaged or lost upon shipping depends on what type of agreement or contract both parties have signed.
  • It is ideal to have a transparent agreement between both parties so that it would end up to a smooth transaction on both sides.
  • FOB shipping and FOB destination are the main categories to determine when the title of the goods is transferred from the seller to the buyer, who pays the fees and who is liable.
  • Free on board is a trade term that is used to determine or indicate whether the seller or the buyer is accountable for any damaged, lost, or destroyed package within the shipment process.

Businesses use it when there are transactions across international borders. The primary difference between the two is the ownership of the shipment when it is in transit. In the FOB shipping point, when the buyer gets the responsibility of the goods from the buyer, they can make an entry in their inventory list.

FOB Shipping Point vs. Destination

In a nutshell, in FOB Shipping Point (or FOB Origin), the seller is responsible for loading the goods onto the vessel. The buyer is responsible for everything else necessary to get the goods to the final destination. Depending on the agreement with your supplier, your goods may be considered delivered at any point between the port of destination and your final delivery address.

  • The FOB destination is often used in international sales contracts but can also be used to be more specific about when or where the seller must deliver.
  • Don’t take chances with your international deals that could end up costing you tremendously.
  • When calculating the overall cost of goods, freight charges can become quite substantial.
  • For example, on the shipping rule you can set it to flat rate per item, by order weight, or even store pickup.
  • Also assume that the goods are in transit until they arrive at the buyer’s location on January 2.

The buyer will pay for the shipping charges along with the rest of the shipment amount. Businesses record their inventory costs as a liability or shareholder equity until the inventory is sold, whereupon it becomes reported as the cost of goods sold. The cost of goods sold is one of the largest expenses on a company’s balance sheet, therefore choosing a FOB Shipping Point vs FOB Destination has specific implications on inventory costs. Freight Collect and Allowed
The buyer pays the freight charge when the goods are received and deducts the freight charges from the invoice. When a product is sold “FOB shipping point,” the buyer pays the seller or supplier nothing more than the cost of transporting the product to the designated shipment point. The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) publishes 11 Incoterms (international commercial terms) that outline the roles of both sellers and purchasers in global shipments.


ECommerce return rate statistics and best practices to minimise loss so businesses can still grow and stay profitable. Alternatively, the buyer can choose FOB Destination and allow the seller to handle the shipping. CIF is a more expensive contract option than FOB, as it demands more effort and expense on the part of the supplier. To further clarify, let’s assume that Claire’s Comb Company in the US purchases a container of The Wonder Comb from a supplier based in China. For FOB shipping, you can get an FOB price estimate using Freightos.com’s International Freight Rate Calculator.

With FOB destination, ownership of goods is transferred to the buyer at the buyer’s loading dock. For instance, Company B in the Philippines buys medical equipment from Taiwan and signs an FOB destination agreement. Let us say that the medical equipment didn’t arrive at the Company B’s specified address because of any reason. The supplier from Taiwan will be liable to process reimbursement or replacement for the undelivered medical equipment. However, the seller also manages the safe delivery of the shipment to its destination.

On the other hand, another International commercial term used in the shipping process is the FOB shipping destination. The distinction of Free on board destination or FOB destination from FOB shipping point is that the seller remains liable for any loss or damage of the package until it gets delivered to the buyer. The buyer marks it an increase in stock once the package is delivered in good condition and gets to the warehouse.

Fob Shipping Point Vs Fob Destination

Assume a fitness equipment manufacturer receives an order for 20 treadmills from a newly opened gym across the country. Free on Board is an Incoterm that evenly splits the https://kelleysbookkeeping.com/ responsibilities between buyers and sellers. Previously, the Incoterms suggested that a ship’s rail serves as the point where the goods were loaded onto the vessel.