compression What command do I need to unzip extract a tar.gz file?

A “.tar” file is a collection of files compressed into a single file or archive. Short for “Tape ARchive,” the name “TAR” is a throwback to when files were stored on magnetic tape drives. On the other hand, Windows users can rely on third-party file archiver tools like 7-zip or WinRAR to effortlessly extract files.

To access the Windows command line, search for “command prompt” or “cmd” in the search bar. Right-click the first result and select the “Run as administrator” option. You may also be interested in learning about the best WinZip alternatives to compress files. Are you facing the issue of low memory error on your system while performing basic tasks on your Windows PC?

This error usually occurs when a .tar has been saved as a .gz despite having never been compressed using the gzip utility. It may sound like a silly mistake, but it’s surprisingly common in situations where users directly rename files and their extensions (such as .tar and .gz) in the process. Unlike Windows’ convenient graphical user interface (GUI) for unzipping .zip files, you’ll need to use the tar utility through the command line.

  1. In this guide, you will learn how to extract or unzip .tar.gz files in Linux.
  2. You can just as easily unzip the resulting .tar.gz file with the decompress (-d) option.
  3. In this article, you learned how to extract or unzip tar.gz files in Linux using the tar command and other tools.
  4. There are several ways to extract or unzip a tar.gz file in Linux, depending on the tool you have available or prefer to use.

A tar.gz file is a compressed archive format commonly used in Linux systems to combine multiple files and directories into a single file while reducing their size. It combines the tar utility for archiving and the gzip utility for compression. Knowing how to extract or unzip a tar.gz file allows users to access and manipulate the archives’ contents efficiently. Though both .zip and .tar.gz archive and compress files, they do so in different ways.

How to List Contents of .tar.gz File in Linux

In other words, .zip is a collection of compressed files, while .tar.gz is a compressed collection of files. As we’ll see later, different compression utilities may require different methods for extracting and unzipping files. Though we’ll mostly focus on .tar.gz files, check out the end of the article for some quick tips on extracting .tar files in other formats. There are several japanese business to start paying workers in bitcoin ways to extract or unzip a tar.gz file in Linux, depending on the tool you have available or prefer to use. The most common and widely supported method is to use the tar command, which can handle various compression formats, including gzip. Where .zip files consist of many individually compressed files, .tar files are compressed as a single package, leaving its files uncompressed.

Whether you prefer command-line tools or graphical file archivers, the extraction process is pretty simple. After reading this article, you know how to extract or unzip .tar.gz file in Linux using different methods and tools. A user-friendly way to extract files from a .tar.gz archive is via a Graphical User Interface (GUI). In this guide, you will learn how to extract or unzip .tar.gz files in Linux. It’s easy to get confused when navigating between .tar, .tar.gz, and .gz – not to mention zipping and unzipping them.

The first is the -k option, and the other uses the -c option to output the compressed file to a different file, preserving the original. It also integrates with the Windows Explorer context menu, which enables users to create and extract archives directly from the right-click menu. You can easily extract .tar.gz files using third-party tools like 7 zip and Winrar on the Windows system. You can notice in the above image that the archive files are extracted in the same working directory. Then we’ll jump into the step-by-step process of unzipping on both Linux and Windows platforms.

Method 2: Using File Manager (GUI)

It’s often useful to list the contents of a .tar.gz file without having to unzip the entire archive. As a result, one isn’t necessarily better than the other — it’s all pros and cons of reactjs web app development ddi development a matter of application. To extract a tar.gz file using an archive manager, you need to open the file with the archive manager and then click on the Extract button.

If you plan to distribute and store .tar.gz files on your website, Kinsta’s managed hosting services can help make the most of your space. The tar command also provides tron price chart market cap index and news support for extracting only specific files or directories from a .tar.gz file. Though gzip is the most common compression utility, it’s not the only one.

Troubleshooting Common Errors

Gzip compression reduces the overall file size, which makes it more efficient for distribution, backup, and storage purposes. Any remotely modern version of tar should auto-detect that the archive is gzipped, and add “z” for you. This is because most versions of tar allow both gnu and bsd style options (simplistically, gnu requires a hyphen, bsd doesn’t). However, while tools like 7-Zip are free, many more “robust” solutions are only available for a price after a trial period. As a result, we recommend sticking to free (but trustworthy) tools or simply using the command line.

You also learned how to list the contents of a tar.gz file and how to create your own tar.gz archives. Before extracting a tar.gz file, you may want to see what files and directories it contains. To do that, you can use the tar command with the -t option, which lists the contents of an archive without extracting it. You also need to use the -z option to tell tar that the archive is compressed with gzip, and the -f option to specify the file name. In this article, you will learn how to extract or unzip tar.gz files in Linux using the tar command and other tools. You will also learn how to list the contents of a tar.gz file and how to create your own tar.gz archives.

Is .tar.gz More Efficient Than .zip?

In other words, .zip files are a collection of compressed files, while .tar files are a compressed collection of files. While every tar.gz file is a .tar archive, not every .gz is a .tar file. The .gz extension represents the gzip compression format, which can be applied to almost any file format to compress data and save space. You can create your own compressed .tar files using compression utilities such as gzip. Gzip is one of the most popular and available options, especially since it comes built in to most Linux distributions and macOS. In this article, you learned how to extract or unzip tar.gz files in Linux using the tar command and other tools.

If you want to create your own tar.gz file, you can use the tar command with the -c option, which tells tar to create a new archive. You also need to use the -z option to compress the archive with gzip, and the -f option to specify the file name. The -v option makes the tar command more verbose and prints the details of each file, such as permissions, owner, size, and modification date. This compression is lossless – that means no data is lost during the compression process, and the original files can be fully restored upon extraction. But it does not compress the data, which results in a larger file size compared to compressed formats.

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The command extracts files to a new directory called example1, which is located in the current directory. You can also add the verbose output option (-v) to provide detailed listings, including dates, securities/permissions, and more. You can also use –wildcards to extract all files with a certain extension or name.

As you might imagine, using a different compression utility on a .tar file will result in a different double extension. Some common examples include .tar.bz2 (bzip2), .tar.br (Brotli), and .tar.zst (zstd), among many others. From videos to entire software packages, many files are compressed and stored using the .tar.gz format. While extracting a .tar.gz file isn’t quite as easy as unzipping a .zip, it’s still pretty straightforward. By default, tar extracts the archive contents in the current working directory. If you want to extract the files to a different directory, you can use the -C option, which tells tar to change the directory before extracting the files.